Get Professional Access

Log in | Contact us

About us
Your Profile

Home Become a Member



See Privacy Policy


Upgrade your membership and access our archives

Become a member of and take advantage of a full coverage of world diplomacy by accessing our exclusive online monitoring...

The following information is published as Open Sources, it does not constitute any endorsement from ISRIA. If titles are sometimes modified for better understanding, the contents are reproduced as delivered by the official institution that first published it. To know the origin, click on 'view original source' at the end of the page.

Share / Bookmark this Article

Chinese FM Yang Jiechi attended the Munich Security Conference (2010) and delivered a Speech

On February 5, 2010, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi attended the Munich Security Conference and delivered a speech entitled A Changing China in A Changing World, expounding China’s position and proposition on major issues concerning world peace and security.

Yang said that looking back at the first decade of the 21st century he is convinced that the enormous and profound changes the world has experienced will leave indelible imprints in the long historical annals and China is without doubt an important part of the changing landscape. China just celebrated the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People‘s Republic of China a few months ago. In these 60 years, we have found a new development path through long and hard exploration. In particular, since launching reform and opening up 30 years ago, China‘s GDP has been growing at an average annual rate of nearly 10% and 235 million people have been lifted out of poverty. China has achieved historic transitions from a highly centralized planned economy to a dynamic socialist market economy, from a closed or semi-closed society to a fully open one, and from a state of mutual estrangement with the rest of the world to one of close interactions.

In despite of the huge development achievements, China still faces many difficulties. Its per capita GDP has just exceeded US$3,000, ranking the 104th in the world. Uneven development remains a prominent problem. Many rural and remote areas are still very poor. 135 million people are living on less than one dollar a day and 10 million have no access to electricity. China is a developing country and will have to make long-term strenuous efforts to truly achieve modernization. To enable the 1.3 billion people to live a comfortable life, we must focus all our time and energy on development. We will seek a peaceful international environment to develop ourselves and at the same time contribute to the cause of world peace through our own development. It is a strategic choice rooted in China‘s own interests as well as the long-term interests of the whole world.

A more developed China is an opportunity rather than a threat to the world. History is the best teacher and keeps a fair record of the paths that all countries have travelled. “Harmony without sameness” has been a much cherished value of the Chinese people since ancient times. The argument that a strong nation is bound to seek hegemony finds no supporting case in China‘s history and goes against the will of the Chinese people. China today is committed to a path of peaceful development. We pursue a defence policy that is defensive in nature and a nuclear strategy solely for self-defence. We adhere to the policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstance, and we have made the unequivocal commitment that we will unconditionally not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states and nuclear-weapon-free zones. China‘s military development has a clear purpose, that is, to maintain national security and unity and ensure smooth economic and social development.

A more developed China will insist on treating others equally and will never impose its own will upon others. We have always maintained that all countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are equal members of the international community and must respect one another and treat one another with equality. The equality we call for is not just equality in form, but more importantly equality in substance. All of us should embrace a diverse world with an open mind. We must respect the values and independent choice of the development path of other countries, respect other countries’ core concerns and refrain from interfering in their internal affairs. In the same vein, we will stick to principles on issues affecting China’s core interests and major concerns and defend our hard-won equal rights and legitimate interests.

A more developed China will undertake more international responsibilities and will never pursue self interests at the expense of the interests of others. We know deeply that in this interdependent world, China‘s future is closely linked to that of the world. Our own interests and those of others are best served when we work together to expand common interests, share responsibilities and seek win-win outcomes. That is why while focusing on its own development China is undertaking more and more international responsibilities commensurate with its strength and status. We have taken an active part in the international cooperation on the financial crisis. We promoted the establishment of an Asian foreign exchange reserves pool worth US$120 billion and signed with other countries currency swap agreements totalling RMB650 billion. We have cancelled the debts of 49 heavily indebted poor countries and least developed countries and provided over RMB200 billion of assistance to other developing countries. China has been actively engaged in international peacekeeping operations. As the largest peacekeeper contributing country among the permanent members of the UN Security Council, we have altogether sent over 10,000 peacekeeping personnel to 24 UN peacekeeping missions, including over 2,100 who are currently performing peacekeeping duties. Some Chinese peacekeepers even gave their lives to the cause of world peace and security. Eight Chinese peacekeeping personnel lost their lives in the recent massive earthquake in Haiti. China has shown with its concrete actions that it is a positive force for world peace and common development.

He pointed out that concomitant with the history changes in China are the new developments and changes in the whole world. Our world has gone through profound and complicated changes in the past decade. Living in a changing world, we must see things in the light of their development and seek solutions with a cooperative spirit. We should foster a cooperation outlook based on mutual respect and equal consultation and safeguard the right of developing countries to equal participation in international affairs. We should foster an outlook on interests which emphasizes mutual benefit and common development and advance economic globalization in the direction of balanced progress and shared benefits. We should foster a security outlook featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and coordination, respect each other‘s security interests and pursue security for all. We should foster an outlook on civilization that encourages mutual learning and seeks common ground while reserving differences and facilitate exchanges among civilizations and development models for common progress. We should foster an outlook on environmental protection that champions mutual support and coordinated progress and make joint efforts to preserve Earth, our common home.

As to China-EU relations, he noted that this year marks the 35th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and the EU. Thanks to the joint efforts of both sides, China and the EU have established a comprehensive strategic partnership that is all-dimensional, wide-ranging and multi-tiered. The major development, transformation and adjustment of the world have brought China-EU relations to a new historical starting point. China and the EU are among the most important economic and trade partners of each other. We share broad consensus on promoting multilateralism and seeking peaceful solutions to international disputes and need closer cooperation in addressing climate change and other global challenges. Our common interests are expanding, our shared responsibilities in international affairs are increasing, the foundation of our cooperation is getting stronger and exchanges and coordination between us are growing. All these will lend a powerful boost to China-EU relations. Attaching great importance to Europe, the Chinese government has always put the relations with Europe on its diplomatic agenda and looks forward to working with Europe for an even brighter future of China-EU relations.

To achieve the brighter future of China-EU relations, the two sides must always manage the bilateral relations from a strategic and long-term perspective, cherish and build on the hard-win progress; must respect each other, treat each other as equals and accommodate each other‘s core interests and major concerns. Europe should see China in a more objective and sensible light and recognize that China‘s development is not a challenge but an opportunity. We do not expect China and Europe to see eye to eye on each and every issue, and we need not be afraid of our differences. As long as we both embrace an open and inclusive spirit, we will have more consensus than differences and more mutual benefits than frictions, and cooperation will become the defining theme of China-EU relations.

He said finally that the German literary giant Goethe once said “Whatever man lays hold of and deals with, the individual is not enough. Society remains the highest need of any honest man.” As we enter the second decade of the 21st century, we are heralding the dawn of a new era full of hope and challenges. United actions and win-win cooperation represent the call of the era and offer the only viable pathway to security and development for all. China will work in concert with other countries to advance global common security and build a splendid future of human prosperity and progress.

On the same day, Yang also met with German Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Petro Poroshenko and Indian National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon, exchanging opinions with them on promoting the bilateral relations and the international and regional issues of common concern.

view original source


Untitled Document _From our Partner

© Copyright 2011 - ISRIA - all rights reserved - Established 2004