The following information
is published as Open Sources, it does not constitute any
endorsement from ISRIA. If titles are sometimes modified for better
understanding, the contents are reproduced as delivered by the official
institution that first published it. To know the origin,
click on 'view original source' at the end of the page.
Share / Bookmark this Article
U.S. and Canada enjoy "extraordinary friendship and cooperation"
Remarks by President Obama and Prime Minister Stephen
Harper of Canada in Joint Press Availability
February 4, 2011
3:21 P.M. EST
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Good afternoon, everyone. Please be seated.
I am very pleased to be welcoming my great friend and partner,
Prime Minister Stephen Harper, back to the White House to reaffirm
our extraordinary friendship and cooperation between the United
States and Canada. I’d like to talk a bit about what
we accomplished today, and then address the situation unfolding
The United States and Canada are not simply allies, not simply
neighbors; we are woven together like perhaps no other two
countries in the world. We’re bound together by our societies,
by our economies, by our families -- which reminds me my brother-in-law’s
birthday is today and I have to call him. (Laughter.)
And in our many meetings together I’ve come to value
Stephen’s candor and his focus on getting results, both
when it comes to our two countries and to meeting global challenges.
Although I, unfortunately, have not yet had the pleasure of
seeing him and his band jam to the Rolling Stones —-
but I’m told the videos have become a sensation on YouTube.
So I'll be checking those out after this bilateral. (Laughter.)
We’ve had a very successful day. Our focus has been on
how we increase jobs and economic growth on both sides of the
border. Canada is our largest trading partner and the top destination
for American exports, supporting some 1.7 million jobs here.
So today we’ve agreed to several important steps to increase
trade, improve our competitiveness, and create jobs for both
First, we agreed to a new vision for managing our
shared responsibilities —-
not just at the border but “beyond the border.” That
means working more closely to improve border security with
better screening, new technologies and information-sharing
among law enforcement, as well as identifying threats early.
It also means finding new ways to improve the free flow of
goods and people. Because with over a billion dollars in trade
crossing the border every single day, smarter border management
is key to our competitiveness, our job creation, and my goal
of doubling U.S. exports.
And, Mr. Prime Minister, I thank you for your leadership and
commitment to reaching this agreement.
We’ve directed our teams to develop an action plan to
move forward quickly. And I’m confident that we’re
going to get this done so that our shared border enhances our
Second, we’re launching a new effort to get rid of outdated
regulations that stifle trade and job creation. Like the government-wide
review that I ordered last month, we need to obviously strike
the right balance -— protecting our public health and
safety, and making it easier and less expensive for American
and Canadians to trade and do business, for example, in the
auto industry. And a new council that we’re creating
today will help make that happen.
Third, we discussed a wide range of ways to promote trade and
investment, from clean energy partnerships to the steps Canada
can take to strengthen intellectual property rights.
And we discussed a range of common security challenges, including
Afghanistan, where our forces serve and sacrifice together.
Today, I want to thank Prime Minister Harper for Canada’s
decision to shift its commitment to focus on training Afghan
forces. As we agreed with our Lisbon -- or our NATO and coalition
allies in Lisbon, the transition to Afghan lead for security
will begin this year, and Canada’s contribution will
be critical to achieving that mission and keeping both our
Finally, we discussed our shared commitment to progress with
our partners in the Americas, including greater security cooperation.
And I especially appreciated the Prime Minister’s perspective
on the region as I prepare for my trip to Central and South
America next month.
Let me close by saying a few words about the situation in Egypt.
This is obviously still a fluid situation and we’re monitoring
it closely, so I'll make just a few points.
First, we continue to be crystal-clear that we oppose violence
as a response to this crisis. In recent days, we’ve seen
violence and harassment erupt on the streets of Egypt that
violates human rights, universal values and international norms.
So we are sending a strong and unequivocal message: Attacks
on reporters are unacceptable. Attacks on human rights activists
are unacceptable. Attacks on peaceful protesters are unacceptable.
The Egyptian government has a responsibility to protect the
rights of its people. Those demonstrating also have a responsibility
to do so peacefully. But everybody should recognize a simple
truth: The issues at stake in Egypt will not be resolved through
violence or suppression. And we are encouraged by the restraint
that was shown today. We hope that it continues.
Second, the future of Egypt will be determined by its people.
clear that there needs to be a transition process that begins now. That transition
must initiate a process that respects the universal rights of the Egyptian
people and that leads to free and fair elections.
The details of this transition will be worked by Egyptians. And my understanding
is that some discussions have begun. But we are consulting widely within Egypt
and with the international community to communicate our strong belief that
a successful and orderly transition must be meaningful. Negotiations should
include a broad representation of the Egyptian opposition, and this transition
must address the legitimate grievances of those who seek a better future.
Third, we want to see this moment of turmoil turn into a moment of opportunity.
The entire world is watching. What we hope for and what we will work for is
a future where all of Egyptian society seizes that opportunity. Right now a
great and ancient civilization is going through a time of tumult and transformation.
And even as there are grave challenges and great uncertainty, I am confident
that the Egyptian people can shape the future that they deserve. And as they
do, they will continue to have a strong friend and partner in the United States
Mr. Prime Minister.
PRIME MINISTER HARPER: Well, first of all, thank you, Barack. Both thank you
for your friendship both personal and national. And thank you for all the work
you’ve done and all of your people have done to bring us to our announcement
[Speaks in French.]
And I will just repeat that.
Today, President Obama and I are issuing a declaration on our border, but it
is, of course, much more than that. It is a declaration on our relationship.
Over the past nearly 200 years, our two countries have progressively developed
the closest, warmest, most integrated and most successful relationship in the
world. We are partners, neighbors, allies, and, most of all, we are true friends.
In an age of expanding opportunities but also of grave dangers, we share fundamental
interests and values just as we face common challenges and threats.
At the core of this friendship is the largest bilateral trading relationship
in history. And since the signing of the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement,
a milestone in the development of the modern era of globalization, that partnership
has grown spectacularly.
Not only is the U.S. Canada’s major export market, Canada is also America’s
largest export market -- larger than China, larger than Mexico, larger than
Japan, larger than all the countries of the European Union combined. Eight
million jobs in the United States are supported by your trade with Canada.
And Canada is the largest, the most secure, the most stable, and the friendliest
supplier of that most vital of all America’s purchases -- energy.
It is in both our interests to ensure that our common border remains open and
efficient, but it is just as critical that it remains secure and in the hands
of the vigilant and the dedicated. Just as we must continually work to ensure
that inertia and bureaucratic sclerosis do not impair the legitimate flow of
people, goods and services across our border, so, too, we must up our game
to counter those seeking new ways to harm us.
And I say “us” because as I have said before, a threat to the United
States is a threat to Canada -- to our trade, to our interests, to our values,
to our common civilization. Canada has no friends among America’s enemies,
and America has no better friend than Canada.
The declaration President Obama and I are issuing today commits our governments
to find new ways to exclude terrorists and criminals who pose a threat to our
peoples. It also commits us to finding ways to eliminate regulatory barriers
to cross-border trade and travel, because simpler rules lead to lower costs
for business and consumers, and ultimately to more jobs.
Shared information, joint planning, compatible procedures and inspection technology
will all be key tools. They make possible the effective risk management that
will allow us to accelerate legitimate flows of people and goods between our
countries while strengthening our physical security and economic competitiveness.
So we commit to expanding our management of the border to the concept of a
North American perimeter, not to replace or eliminate the border but, where
possible, to streamline and decongest it.
There is much work to do. The declaration marks the start of this endeavor,
not the end; an ambitious agenda between two countries, sovereign and able
to act independently when we so choose according to our own laws and aspirations,
but always understanding this -- that while a border defines two peoples, it
need not divide them. That is the fundamental truth to which Canadians and
Americans have borne witness for almost two centuries. And through our mutual
devotion to freedom, democracy and justice at home and abroad, it is the example
we seek to demonstrate for all others.
PRESIDENT OBAMA: All right, we’ve got time for a couple of questions.
I’m going to start with Alister Bull.
Q Thank you very much, Mr. President. Is it conceivable to you that a genuine
process of democratic reform can begin in Egypt while President Mubarak remains
in power, or do you think his stepping aside is needed for reform even to begin?
And to Prime Minister Harper, on the energy issue, did you discuss Canada’s
role as a secure source of oil for the United States, and in particular, did
you receive any assurances the U.S. administration looks favorably on TransCanada’s
proposed Keystone Pipeline to the Gulf Coast? Thank you.
PRESIDENT OBAMA: I have had two conversations with President Mubarak since
this crisis in Egypt began, and each time I've emphasized the fact that the
future of Egypt is going to be in the hands of Egyptians. It is not us who
will determine that future. But I have also said that in light of what’s
happened over the last two weeks, going back to the old ways is not going to
work. Suppression is not going to work. Engaging in violence is not going to
work. Attempting to shut down information flows is not going to work.
In order for Egypt to have a bright future -- which I believe it can have --
the only thing that will work is moving a orderly transition process that begins
right now, that engages all the parties, that leads to democratic practices,
fair and free elections, a representative government that is responsive to
the grievances of the Egyptian people.
Now, I believe that President Mubarak cares about his country. He is proud,
but he’s also a patriot. And what I've suggested to him is, is that he
needs to consult with those who are around him in his government. He needs
to listen to what’s being voiced by the Egyptian people and make a judgment
about a pathway forward that is orderly, but that is meaningful and serious.
And I believe that -- he’s already said that he’s not going to
run for reelection. This is somebody who’s been in power for a very long
time in Egypt. Having made that psychological break, that decision that he
will not be running again, I think the most important for him to ask himself,
for the Egyptian government to ask itself, as well as the opposition to ask
itself, is how do we make that transition effective and lasting and legitimate.
And as I said before, that's not a decision ultimately the United States makes
or any country outside of Egypt makes. What we can do, though, is affirm the
core principles that are going to be involved in that transition. If you end
up having just gestures towards the opposition but it leads to a continuing
suppression of the opposition, that's not going to work. If you have the pretense
of reform but not real reform, that's not going to be effective.
And as I said before, once the President himself announced that he was not
going to be running again, and since his term is up relatively shortly, the
key question he should be asking himself is, how do I leave a legacy behind
in which Egypt is able to get through this transformative period. And my hope
is, is that he will end up making the right decision.
PRIME MINISTER HARPER: You asked me about the question of energy, and, yes,
we did discuss the matter you raised. And let me just say this in that context.
I think it is clear to anyone who understands this issue that the need of the
United States for fossil fuels far in excess of its ability to produce such
energy will be the reality for some time to come. And the choice that the United
States faces in all of these matters is whether to increase its capacity, to
accept such energy from the most secure, most stable and friendliest location
it can possibly get that energy, which is Canada, or from other places that
are not as secure, stable or friendly to the interests and values of the United
PRESIDENT OBAMA: I think we’ve got a Canadian reporter.
Q Prime Minister, can you answer this in English and French? Canadians will
be asking how much of our sovereignty and our privacy rights will be given
up to have more open borders and an integrated economy. And while I have you
on your feet, I want to ask you about Egypt, as well, whether you feel that
Mr. Mubarak should be stepping down sooner, it would help the transition?
And, Mr. President, on the sovereignty issue, you're welcome to answer it --
you don't have to speak in French, though. (Laughter.)
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Thank you. (Laughter.) Now, I love French, but I'm just not
very capable of speaking it. (Laughter.)
PRIME MINISTER HARPER: On the question of sovereignty, this declaration is
not about sovereignty. We are sovereign countries who have the capacity to
act as we choose to act. The question that faces us is to make sure we act
in a sovereign way that serves Canada’s interests. It is in Canada’s
interests to work with our partners in the United States to ensure that our
borders are secure, and ensure that we can trade and travel across them as
safely and as openly as possible within the context of our different laws.
And that is what we're trying to achieve here. We share security threats that
are very similar on both sides of the border. We share an integrated economic
space where it doesn’t make sense to constantly check the same cargo
over and over again -- if we can do that at a perimeter, if we can decongest
the border, that's what we should be doing. If we can -- if we can harmonize
regulations in ways that avoid unnecessary duplication and red tape for business
-- these are things that we need to do.
So that's what this is all about. This is about the safety of Canadians and
it is about creating jobs and economic growth for the Canadian economy.
Let me maybe -- I'll do French and then I'll come to Egypt.
(Speaks in French.)
On the question of Egypt, let me just agree fully with what President Obama
has said. I don't think there is any doubt from anyone who is watching the
situation that transition is occurring and will occur in Egypt. The question
is what kind of transition this will be and how it will lead. It is ultimately
up to the Egyptian people to decide who will govern them.
What we want to be sure is that we lead towards a future that is not simply
more democratic, but a future where that democracy is guided by such values
as non-violence, as the rule of law, as respect and respect for human rights,
including the rights of minorities, including the rights of religious minorities.
(Speaks in French.)
PRESIDENT OBAMA: With respect to security issues and sovereignty issues, obviously,
Canada and the United States are not going to match up perfectly on every measure
with respect to how we balance security issues, privacy issues, openness issues.
But we match up more than probably any country on Earth.
We have this border that benefits when it is open. The free flow of goods and
services results in huge economic benefits for both sides. And so the goal
here is to make sure that we are coordinating closely and that as we are taking
steps and measures to ensure both openness and security, that we’re doing
so in ways that enhances the relationship as opposed to creates tensions in
the relationship. And we are confident that we’re going to be able to
We’ve already made great progress just over the last several years on
various specific issues. What we’re trying to do now is to look at this
in a more comprehensive fashion, so that it’s not just border security
issues, but it’s a broader set of issues involved. And I have great confidence
that Prime Minister Harper is going to be very protective of certain core values
of Canada, just as I would be very protective of the core values of the United
States, and those won’t always match up perfectly.
And I thought -- I agree even more with his answer in French. (Laughter.)
All right. Thank you very much, everybody.
view original source
© Copyright 2011 - ISRIA -
all rights reserved - Established 2004