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Iran again fails to provide proof nuclear programme is purely
peaceful, UN warns
On the eve of renewed talks between Iran and a six-nation group on its nuclear programme, a top United Nations official reported today that Tehran has still not provided the necessary proof that its activities are purely peaceful and not for military purposes.
At a meeting of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors in Vienna, Director General Yukiya Amano again reiterated the theme of previous reports that Iran is not cooperating sufficiently to prove that its nuclear programme is for the purely peaceful purpose of supplying energy, as it says, and not for building an atomic weapons, as many other countries contend.
“Iran is not implementing the requirements contained in the relevant resolutions of the Board of Governors and the Security Council, including implementation of the Additional Protocol (for unannounced spot verification checks), which are essential to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme,” he said, urging Tehran to fulfil its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which it has ratified.
“In particular, the Agency needs Iran’s cooperation in clarifying outstanding issues which give rise to concerns about possible military dimensions to its nuclear programme, including by providing access to all sites, equipment, persons and documents requested by the Agency,” he added, stressing that this lack of cooperation prevented the IAEA from verifying that “all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities.”
Mr. Amano welcomed next week’s meeting in Geneva between Iran and the so-called P5+1 group of the five Security Council permanent members – China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States – along with Germany.
Iran’s nuclear programme has been of international concern since the discovery in 2003 that the country had concealed its nuclear activities for nearly two decades in breach of its NPT obligations. In June, the Security Council imposed a fourth round of sanctions against Tehran, citing the proliferation risks of its nuclear programme and its continued failure to cooperate with the IAEA.
Turning to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Mr. Amano voiced “great concern” at recent reports about a new uranium enrichment facility and construction of a light water reactor, citing the Security Council resolution calling for the country to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes.
He noted that the Agency has not had inspectors in the country since April 2009 and that the DPRK has not permitted the IAEA to implement safeguards since 2002, and he urged it to fully implement all of the relevant resolutions.
Mr. Amano also reported that Syria had not cooperated with the Agency since June 2008 over the unresolved issues of the Dair Alzour site and some other locations, halting progress towards a resolution.
In a more general review of his agency’s mandate, he called for “reasonable real increases” in funding from member States despite the current financial challenges so that it can carry out its multiple duties that stretch far beyond the issues of nuclear proliferation to energy production and cancer treatment.
He noted that in the past year, the IAEA intensified its work on cancer control in developing countries, with the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) receiving record contributions exceeding USD 5.7 million so far.
In other applications, he cited steady growth in member States’ interest in using nuclear techniques for water resource assessment, agricultural water management, and protecting the marine environment, calling these “among the most important issues for sustainable development.”
On nuclear energy production, Mr. Amano noted that expansion of existing power programmes is a high priority in a large number of countries, with 24 of the 29 nations with operating nuclear power plants planning expansions.
IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano — Introductory Statement
to the Board of Governors
2 December 2010 - source
You have before you the Agency’s Technical Cooperation
Programme for 2011, as recommended by the TACC. Comments provided
by Member States on the substance of the Programme and evaluation
activities in 2010 will be carefully studied.
The greatest emphasis in the TC Programme is on human health,
but as usual there are different trends across regions. Member
States in Africa, Asia and the Pacific and Europe are showing
increasing interest in nuclear power, with related growth in
safety and radiation protection projects. Europe and Latin America
are also seeing growth in the area of knowledge management and
facing the challenges of ageing personnel and infrastructure.
We have noted a major improvement in the quality and timeliness
of project concepts submitted by Member States, which will facilitate
Technical Cooperation/Nuclear Applications
During the past twelve months, the Agency has intensified its
work on cancer control in developing countries. I am pleased
to inform you that our efforts have borne fruit. Contributions
to our Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) have been
running at record levels, exceeding US $5.7 million so far this
year. I am very grateful to France, the Republic of Korea, Monaco,
New Zealand, Spain, the United States and the OPEC Fund for International
Development for their support, as well as to our new private-sector
partner Hoffmann-La Roche.
Our cooperation with the World Health
Organization is going from strength to strength. PACT is widely
seen by our Member States
as a valuable mechanism to enhance the effectiveness and sustainability
of the IAEA’s cancer-related activities. We have received
a growing number of requests for imPACT review missions and several
additional countries have asked to become PACT Model Demonstration
Sites. Later this month, we will distribute a journal compiling
the expert recommendations from the Scientific Forum on cancer
control in developing countries. I will continue to pay close
attention to cancer control in the coming years.
In October, we launched the Human Health Campus, a dedicated
website which will provide educational resources to health professionals
working in nuclear medicine, radiation oncology, medical physics,
and nutrition. The idea is to offer continuous medical education
with an insight into the different aspects of modern clinical
In November, the International Symposium on Standards, Applications
and Quality Assurance in Medical Radiation Dosimetry took place
in Vienna. Nearly 400 scientists took part in this unique symposium,
which provided an opportunity for the exchange of ideas, knowledge
and best practices in dosimetry quality assurance. We will continue
to work with Member States to find ways to better support their
growing need for dosimetry audits.
Elsewhere in nuclear applications, we are seeing steady growth
in Member State interest in the use of nuclear techniques for
water resource assessment, agricultural water management, and
protecting the marine environment. These are among the most important
issues for sustainable development. The Agency has a niche role
in helping States to improve scientific understanding and build
related capacity. There are already more than 100 technical cooperation
projects related to water.
During the coming year, I aim to strengthen
our activities related to water and raise awareness of the Agency’s
role in assisting States. We will continue to work closely with
organizations active in this field.
Turning now to nuclear energy, we continue to support Member
States in exploring or starting nuclear power programmes. I draw
your attention to the workshop on the Introduction of Nuclear
Power Programmes: Management and Evaluation of a National Nuclear
Infrastructure which will be held in February 2011.
This workshop is an opportunity for newcomers to share perspectives
on developing nuclear power policies, including for waste. They
will also share lessons learned from self-evaluations of their
infrastructure readiness and from the Agency’s Integrated
Nuclear Infrastructure Review missions.
The expansion of existing nuclear power programmes is a high
priority in a large number of countries. Of the 29 countries
with operating nuclear power plants, 24 countries have plans
for an expansion. This means that the main growth in global nuclear
power capacity in the next few decades is expected from these
countries. Since 2008, Agency workshops have been held in Argentina,
China, Lithuania and here in Vienna, addressing different aspects
In some areas, such as construction and project management,
the guidance documents that we are preparing apply to both new
and expanding programmes. In other areas, such as setting a national
strategy, the challenges are different, so separate guidance
is being developed for countries with expanding programmes.
I am pleased to acknowledge that we have received some of the
funds pledged by the United States as part of the Peaceful Uses
Initiative. I am also grateful for other pledges that have been
made since I last addressed the Board. This is timely and very
Nuclear Safety and Security
Last month, the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security hosted
a meeting on facilitating adherence to the 2005 Amendment to
the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.
Responsibility for nuclear security rests with each State. Adherence
to the CPPNM Amendment can reduce the risk of nuclear material,
facilities and transports falling into the wrong hands.
Two countries ratified the Amendment in the last month. I believe
it is in everyone’s interest to ensure that the Amendment
is brought into force as quickly as possible.
Conclusion of Safeguards Agreements and Additional Protocols
Since my last report in September, Andorra informed us that
it had brought into force a comprehensive safeguards agreement.
Bahrain has signed an additional protocol. Albania brought into
force an additional protocol, bringing the number of States with
additional protocols in force to 103. I strongly hope that remaining
States will conclude additional protocols as soon as possible.
also ask the 17 States without NPT safeguards agreements in
force to bring such agreements into force without delay, and
call on States with small quantities protocols that have not
yet done so to amend or rescind their protocols.
Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Still fresh in our memory is the call by the General Conference
last September for the DPRK to fully comply with its obligations
under relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, to
come into full compliance with the NPT, to cooperate promptly
with the Agency in the full and effective implementation of comprehensive
Agency safeguards, and to resolve any outstanding issues that
may have arisen due to the long absence of Agency safeguards.
I also recall that Security Council resolution 1874 requires
the DPRK to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear
programmes and to act strictly in accordance with the obligations
applicable to parties under the NPT and the terms and conditions
of the IAEA Safeguards Agreement.
Against this background, it was with great concern that I learned
of recent reports about a new uranium enrichment facility, as
well as the construction of a light water reactor, in the DPRK.
To my regret, the Agency has not had inspectors in the DPRK
since April last year, and the DPRK has not permitted the Agency
to implement safeguards in the country since December 2002.
I urge the DPRK to fully implement all of the relevant resolutions
of the General Conference and the Security Council. As the only
multilateral organization for nuclear verification, the IAEA
has an essential role to play in verifying the DPRK’s nuclear
Implementation of Safeguards in the Islamic Republic
As my report on Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement
and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the
Islamic Republic of Iran again makes clear, the Agency continues
to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material in Iran,
but Iran has not provided the necessary cooperation to permit
the Agency to confirm that all nuclear material in Iran is in
Iran is not implementing the requirements contained in the relevant
resolutions of the Board of Governors and the Security Council,
including implementation of the Additional Protocol, which are
essential to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful
nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. In particular, the
Agency needs Iran’s cooperation in clarifying outstanding
issues which give rise to concerns about possible military dimensions
to its nuclear programme, including by providing access to all
sites, equipment, persons and documents requested by the Agency.
I request Iran to take steps towards the full implementation
of its Safeguards Agreement and its other obligations.
I would also like to welcome the forthcoming meeting between
Iran and the EU 3 + 3 scheduled for next week in Geneva.
Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Syrian
Concerning the Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement
in the Syrian Arab Republic, Syria has not cooperated with the
Agency since June 2008 in connection with the unresolved issues
related to the Dair Alzour site and some other locations. As
a consequence, the Agency has not been able to make progress
towards resolving the outstanding issues related to those sites.
wrote a letter to the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Syrian
Arab Republic on 18 November 2010 to request the Government to
provide the Agency with prompt access to relevant information
and locations related to Dair Alzour. I also requested Syria’s
cooperation regarding the Agency’s verification activities
Assurance of Supply
As you know, Member States have for several years been discussing
possible mechanisms to ensure reliable supplies of nuclear materials
and nuclear fuel for their nuclear power plants. On 27 November
last year, the Board authorized me to conclude and implement
an agreement with the Russian Federation to establish a reserve
of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) for supply to Member States. I
am pleased to announce that the Russian Federation informed me
this week that all necessary conditions for the entry into force
of the agreement have been met. All of the LEU has been placed
in the guaranteed reserve at Angarsk and the facility is under
At the request of a number of Member States, the Board decided
to discuss the issue of assurance of fuel supply at its current
meeting. I continue to believe that the Agency remains the appropriate
forum for discussions on assurances of supply and I hope that
a constructive outcome will be achieved. The Secretariat remains
ready to provide further assistance to Member States as they
consider possible additional arrangements to ensure supply of
nuclear materials and nuclear fuel for nuclear power plants.
I draw the Board’s attention to the Note on Information
Security at the IAEA which was circulated last month. As the
Note indicates, the Agency has for some years been constantly
re-evaluating and improving the way in which confidential information
is handled. We are now committing more resources than ever before
to this issue. A dedicated position to deal with these matters
has been established in the Secretariat and a new security awareness
campaign for all staff has just been launched, which includes
completion of a mandatory online training course.
I note with appreciation that the Medium Term Strategy for 2012-2017
is ready for consideration by the Board. I congratulate the Chair
of the Open-ended Working Group, Ambassador Feruta of Romania,
and his team for their sterling work to produce this important
document. The Strategy identifies priorities, serves as a roadmap
for our future activities and provides clear guidance for the
Secretariat as we prepare the Programme and Budget for 2012-2013.
I hope that the Board will take note of this document so that
the Secretariat will be able to finalise the Programme and Budget
in a timely manner.
Let me turn now to the draft Programme and Budget for 2012-2013,
which is due to be issued in February.
Formulation of the budget
proposals for 2012-2013 involves a significant challenge. The
budget must maximize efficiency, reflect
changing priorities, strike an appropriate balance among the
Agency’s activities, and, at the same time, take into account
the current financial challenges faced by most Member States
and constantly increasing demands for the Agency’s services.
assist Member States to decide the budget level - as I informed
the Board in September - I launched a two-stage budget preparation
process with the aim of achieving efficiency gains and meeting
new and expanding needs. In this process, I am following the
guidance given to the Secretariat by the Board in June 2010
and taking into account the priorities to be identified in the
Medium-Term Strategy. At this stage, I assume that the budget
proposals to be submitted next February will involve reasonable
I take this opportunity to thank the Government of Canada for
notifying me of its intention to make a contribution of one million
Canadian dollars to the ECAS - Enhancing Capabilities of the
Safeguards Analytical Services - project. And I urge all Member
States which are in a position to do so to consider contributing
to this project that is so fundamental to the Agency’s
Let me remind you that, for the Secretariat, the early months
of next year will not be ‘business as usual’. In
January we will be starting with the first phase of an enterprise
resource planning system - the AIPS project - and at the same
time introducing the International Public Sector Accounting Standards
Each of these undertakings represents a major change management
exercise; taken together they will rank among the most profound
functional changes in the Agency’s history. It is the equivalent
of a heart transplant as far as the Agency’s financial,
procurement and project management practices and procedures are
The changeover to the new ways of doing business will inevitably
result in a period of reduced functionality, including a two-week ‘black-out’ period
in January, during which a number of internal administrative
services will be available on a greatly reduced basis. I ask
for your understanding during this difficult period. The ultimate
objective, of course, is to deliver to Member States the benefits
of increased efficiency and transparency.
Mr Chairman, I wish to pay tribute to three colleagues who will
shortly conclude their functions as Deputy Directors General.
Mr Werner Burkart has, during his ten and a half years as Deputy
Director General for Nuclear Sciences and Applications, successfully
implemented a dynamic Major Programme. Among other achievements,
he developed innovative approaches such as PACT and the IAEA
Collaborating Centre scheme.
As DDG for Technical Cooperation for the past eight years, Ms
Ana Maria Cetto has made an important contribution to the Agency.
The most senior female officer in the Agency’s history,
she can take pride in her achievements in helping to bring the
benefits of peaceful nuclear technology in all areas to developing
Mr Yury Sokolov has strengthened the Department of Nuclear Energy
in his seven years as Deputy Director General. Interest among
Member States in introducing nuclear power increased significantly
during his term of office and he played a key role in ensuring
that the Agency responded effectively.
I know I speak for all of you when I sincerely thank Werner,
Ana Maria and Yury and wish them every success in their future
Before I conclude, Mr Chairman, I would like to note that it
is almost exactly a year since I took up my position as Director
General. It has been a challenging and, I believe, a very productive
year in which the Agency again demonstrated its ability to bring
about concrete results in improving the well-being and prosperity
of Member States and strengthening international peace and security.
I am grateful to all of you for your support. The challenges
we face are substantial, but I have no doubt that, with your
continued support and the dedication of our outstanding staff,
we will prove more than equal to them.
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