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are no "secret deals" with Russia on missile defense,
Missile Defense Cooperation with the Russian Federation
U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Arms Control, Verification
December 1, 2010
There are no “secret deals” with Russia
on missile defense.
The Administration has repeatedly communicated to the Russian
Government at the highest levels that the United States will
not agree to any limitations or constraints on U.S. ballistic
missile defenses, and that the United States intends to continue
improving and deploying BMD systems to defend the U.S. against
limited missile launches, and to defend our deployed forces,
allies, and partners against regional threats.
The Administration has repeatedly made clear that it is pursuing
missile defense cooperation with Russia. As one example, at a
June 17 hearing of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Secretary
Gates stated: “Separately from the treaty, we are discussing
missile defense cooperation with Russia, which we believe is
in the interests of both nations. But such talks have nothing
to do with imposing any limitations on our programs or deployment
The Obama Administration believes that missile defense cooperation
with the Russian Federation is in the national security interests
of the United States, as did the Bush Administration. Restrictions
or limitations on U.S. missile defense capabilities are not under
discussion in any forum.
At Lisbon, NATO and Russia agreed to resume theater missile
defense exercises and discuss ways where they could potentially
cooperate on territorial missile defense in the future.
U.S.-Russia and NATO-Russia cooperation on missile defense
is intended to help improve our defensive capabilities, strengthen
transparency, and reduce Russia’s concerns about the United
States’ missile defense efforts by providing it with further
insight into the nature of and motivations for U.S. and NATO
ballistic missile defense plans and programs.
In 2004, under the Bush Administration, the United States
began seeking a Defense Technical Cooperation Agreement (DTCA)
with Russia. The DTCA is a broad agreement that, once concluded,
would address the Parties’ responsibilities and rights
with respect to a broad range of defense-related cooperative
research and development activities, including missile defense.
The last DTCA discussions with Russia were held in 2008.
The Administration decided to propose a more limited form
of the DTCA that would only address missile defense cooperation
issues - a Ballistic Missile Defense Cooperation Agreement (BMDCA).
The proposed BMDCA would establish a framework to allow for bilateral
BMD cooperation, including: transparency and confidence building
measures; BMD exercises; data sharing; research and development;
and technology sharing. Details about how to cooperate would
need to be negotiated subsequent to the BMDCA.
As with the DTCA,
the proposed BMDCA does not specify any missile defense cooperation
measure in particular; instead, it
would serve as an umbrella agreement under which future individual
technology agreements could be considered.
The U.S.-proposed BMDCA specifically stated, “This
agreement shall not constrain or limit the Parties’ respective
BMD plans and capabilities numerically, qualitatively, operationally,
geographically, or in any other way.”
Last spring, the Russian Government indicated that it did
not wish to negotiate a BMDCA at that time.
The United States
intends to resume discussions with Russia on a possible DTCA
in the near future.
The United States will continue to discuss possible missile
defense cooperation with Russia and will not accept any limits
or constraints on our ability to effectively defend the United
States, our deployed forces, and our allies and friends from
the ballistic missile threat.
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