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and Romania signed the Ballistic
Missile Defense Agreement
Office of the Spokesperson
September 13, 2011
The United States welcomes the strong commitment of Romania
to join a growing group of allies and partners that are contributing
to efforts to counter existing and emerging ballistic missile
threats in the Twenty-First Century.
Today, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Romania’s
Foreign Minister Teodor Baconschi signed the Agreement between
the Government of the United States of America and the Government
of Romania on the Deployment of the Ballistic Missile Defense
System in Romania. This Agreement calls for the establishment
and operation of a U.S. land-based SM-3 ballistic missile defense
(BMD) system in Romania. The deployment to Romania is anticipated
to occur in the 2015 timeframe as part of the second phase of
the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA). In addition to
deepening the bilateral strategic relationship between our two
countries, cooperation in this area will make a substantial contribution
to NATO’s collective security and will be an integral part
of a NATO missile defense capability.
The EPAA will provide protection of NATO European territories
and populations, including Romania, and augment protection of
the United States. This Agreement is an important step in our
efforts to protect from the growing threat posed by the proliferation
of ballistic missiles of increasingly greater ranges, lethality,
and sophistication, and potentially armed with weapons of mass
destruction. The BMD interceptor site in Romania will provide
a defensive capability to protect Europe and the United States
against ballistic missiles launched from the Middle East.
Upon ratification by the Romanian Parliament and entry into
force, the ballistic missile defense agreement will allow the
United States to construct, maintain, and operate a facility
encompassing the land-based SM-3 ballistic missile defense system.
Technical Aspects of the United States Ballistic Missile Defense
System in Romania
In May 2011, the United States and Romania jointly selected
the Deveselu Air Base near Caracal, Romania, to host a U.S. Ballistic
Missile Defense System which employs the SM-3 interceptor (also
referred to as the “Aegis Ashore System”). The United
States will provide the Romanian Government with situational
awareness into operations at the ballistic missile defense facility,
which includes receiving information on ballistic missiles tracked
by the missile defense system and the status of the U.S. missile
defense of Europe.
- U.S. and Romanian military forces will cooperate in providing
physical security for the missile defense interceptor facility.
site will consist of a radar deckhouse and associated Aegis
command, control, and communications suite. Separately, it
will house a number of launch modules
containing SM-3 interceptors. The United States Government will be financially
responsible for the construction of its facility and for the deployment,
operations, and maintenance of its ballistic missile defense
system. The United States
will also be responsible for those services requested and received, such
- Personnel can live and work safely near the
Aegis radar system. The United States has safely operated
the Aegis Radar Test
site in Moorestown, New Jersey
for over 30 years without any danger to people or the environment.
interceptors are for defensive purposes only and have no
offensive capability. They carry no explosive warheads of any
type, and rely on
their kinetic energy
to collide with and destroy incoming enemy ballistic missile warheads.
Aegis Ashore configuration of the ballistic missile defense
system will be thoroughly tested at a specialized test center
at the Pacific
Facility (PMRF) in Hawaii starting in 2014.
Characteristics of the United States Ballistic Missile Defense
System in Romania
- The U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense site is approximately
430 acres (175 hectares) and is located within the existing
Air Base at Deveselu.
- An estimated 150 to 200 military, government
civilians, and support contractors will be required to operate
the U.S. facility at the site.
- SM-3 Interceptors based in
Romania will not be used for flight tests, and will be launched
only in defense against an actual
Proven Defensive Capabilities
- The Aegis Ashore ballistic missile defense system incorporates
decades of reliable and effective operations of the Aegis ship-based
system into its design and test program.
- The Aegis Ballistic
Missile Defense System has been proven effective through
repeated testing. Since 2002, the system has been successful
in 22 of
tests with the SM-3 interceptor.
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